Fertility problems are now becoming easier to address through Assistive Reproductive Technologies (ART). Surrogacy is one of the many kinds of ART that one can choose to address fertility problems, and this is defined as the process of arranging a pregnancy through the help of a surrogate.
Surrogacy is made possible by letting the surrogate undergo the in vitro fertilization (IVF). Globally, there is no set jurisdiction as to how the surrogate should be compensated or if they even should be compensated. This widely varies, and agreements are usually customized based on the terms of the surrogate and parents.
Legality of Getting a Surrogate
In some countries, specific qualifications must be met in order to be allowed to get a surrogate. This will also depend on the legality of surrogacy in a specific country.
You should know that there are two types of surrogacy and these are the commercial and altruistic surrogacy. The two are different and it’s not all the time that both are legal in a specific country or state in the US.
Commercial surrogacy is when the surrogate is paid or compensated to carry out the pregnancy. This includes caring for the surrogate during the whole time she is carrying the parents’ baby or babies. Meanwhile, altruistic surrogacy means that the surrogate will not be compensated for carrying the baby. Usually, only relatives of the couple who wants to get pregnant but are unable to are allowed to be the surrogate.
Surrogacy in Ireland is still not governed by any law as of this moment, while surrogacy in India is only allowed if it is altruistic. Russia is popular when it comes to parents who have the need to get a surrogate as commercial surrogacy is legal in this country.
Other countries that support commercial surrogacy are Ukraine and some states in the US. In fact, more foreign couples choose to go to surrogacy centres in the US. This is because the result of a surrogate that’s born in the US is entitled to a green card. Thus, this will allow the parents of the baby to eventually apply for their own green cards once the child has turned 21 years old.
Looking for a Surrogate
Countries where surrogacy is legal and well-practiced have surrogacy centers where both parents and surrogate could go to look for a match.
Both the parents and surrogate have the rights to choose the match they prefer as getting a match is basically getting themselves committed for 9 months.
In surrogacy centres, the parents and surrogates are met by the surrogacy expert to discuss the profiles of each other. If both parties agree to each other’s terms or are satisfied with each other’s profiles, then they will be given more time to get to know each other.
The time given for both parties to get to know each other better will help both decide whether they really want to push through with the surrogacy.
If you’re curious, here are a few items that most parents and surrogates are after when looking for a match:
- Medical History
- Family Background
- Amount for Settlement
- Other Compensation Needed
Legal services are highly suggested if not a requirement in most surrogacy centres. This is to protect both parties from any complications that may arise during the pregnancy and once the baby is already born.
What a Surrogate Mother Goes Through
There are two ways a surrogate mother could get pregnant through the IVF procedure. The first is the traditional way, wherein the sperm of the father will be injected to the surrogate’s egg cell for fertilization. This means that the baby will also carry the genetics of the surrogate.
The other way for the surrogate to carry the baby is through gestational surrogacy. This is when the egg cell and sperm of both parents are fertilized outside their bodies and the embryos that are formed will be injected to the surrogate’s uterus.
Gestational surrogacy really depends on the consequences that the parents have when it comes to fertility. There are instances when the female won’t be able to produce healthy eggs, and this is when they will need an egg cell donor. What should be noted is that gestational surrogacy means that the baby will not carry the genetics of the surrogate.
Other Important Things to Know Before Deciding on Getting a Surrogate
If you’ve decided to get the help of a surrogate to have a baby, there sure are a lot of things to learn before finalizing this decision.
Aside from the things discussed above, what’s really important is that you undergo this process the right way. It’s best to get a lawyer that is experienced in this process. Some would even suggest for you to get an experienced surrogate, but it’s really up to you and what you’re looking for.
Going through this process can be overwhelming and this is why it’s also best to go to a surrogacy centre that has an outstanding reputation. Keep in mind that each surrogacy centres offer different packages or services.
It is perfectly normal to go through as much surrogacy centres as you could to help you make decisions regarding this process. A lot of couples take their time on deciding which surrogacy centre they will trust, and this is definitely the way to go.
The success rate of surrogacy also varies in each clinic or centre. Clinics would claim success rates depending on the candidates involved. If the donors and surrogate are in good condition, it is likely that they are promised a high success rate of 80 to 90%
If the chances are declared as average, the percentage is usually 50% to 80%, which is a number that isn’t really too bad.
Overall, it’s important that both the parents and surrogates are ready for the whole process. Both will most likely be obliged to invest time, emotions, and money during this process. In fact surrogates and parents are usually required to talk to psychologists to make sure that both are mentally capable to go through this process.